A brief information on recycling:
The sources of plastics are raw oil, gas and coal. The main source of plastics is usually the residuals in oil refineries. Only 4% of oil produced globally is used for the production of plastics. Plastics do not decompose, rust, dissolve, biologically deform and stays intact in nature for many years. They pollute water and soil. They harm living organisms in water or literally kill them.
Reusable wastes such as glasses, metals, plastics and papers can be transformed into a new raw material or product after several physical and chemical processes. The process of transforming wastes into a raw material is called recycling. This process differs for each type of waste based on its kind and nature. Recycling is a broader term which includes both reuse and recycling. Separate collection of reusable materials at the source, classification, and transformation into another product or energy via physical and chemical methods are named as recycling as a whole. The most basic issue of making new products and materials from recyclable wastes is to collect these materials separated based on their kind at the very source. If reusable wastes mix with other wastes, the resulting products will be lower quality. Therefore recyclable products should be gathered in a separate location and as clean as possible.
What are the benefits of recycling;
Our natural resources are preserved.
Utilization of used packagings and similar reusable wastes result in saved raw materials or natural resources. Our natural resources decreases continuously as population and consumption increases. Therefore our natural resources should be used more efficiently.
? Saves energy. Since the physical and chemical processes performed during recycling are a lot less than normal production, energy is saved during recycling process. The amount of energy saved depends on the type and contents of the waste. For example, many experts imply that recycling aluminium saves 90% energy while only 60% is saved when recycling paper.
? Less waste. With recycling, a lot less wastes are collected at the junk yards; also transportation and storage of these wastes get easier as less storage area and energy are required.
? Contributes to economy: With recycling, raw materials and natural resources will be saved, thus, national economy will be positively affected
Some of the materials obtained by recycling of plastics are listed below:
1. Greenhousing cover,
2. Plastic bag in automotive industry,
3. Vinyl floor covering,
4. Sewage pipe,
5. Fiber and packing material,
6. Automotive spare parts,
7. Detergent cups, waste baskets and similar products,
8. Rainwater and sewer pipes,
9. Floor coverings and various plastic packing materials,
10. Various plastic toys and stationaries.